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Evolution and genetics of populations (section internationale)

Evolution and genetics of populations (section internationale)

En pratique :

Volume horaire de cours : 18
Volume horaire global de TD : 10
Volume horaire global de TP : 25
Volume horaire pour d'autres type d'enseignement : 2
Langue principale : Anglais
Nombre de crédits européens : 6

Description du contenu de l'enseignement

Lecture Contents:

  • Detection of polymorphisms in natural populations,
  • Population at equilibrium: The Hardy-Weinberg model
  • Non random mating and genotypic structure of populations,
  • Effects of selection, genetic drift and gene flow on population genetic structure and evolution

Tutorial work:

Various exercises will be proposed to the students to apply and test their understanding of the different concepts seen during the lectures.

Practical work :
Two laboratory sessions will be devoted to learn and practice molecular techniques to detect polymorphisms in natural populations and four laboratory sessions will be employed to computing and simulation analyses of the effect of selection, genetic drift, gene flow and mutations on allele frequencies.


Compétences à acquérir

Objectives :
The aim of this course is to:

  • provide students with basic concepts of evolutionary processes at the population level
  • examine the effects of mating systems, mutation, selection, genetic drift and gene flow on the evolution of allelic and genotypic frequencies

Learning expectations:
At the end of this course the student must be able to:

  • evaluate genetic diversity in natural populations,
  • identify the main evolutionary forces acting on the evolution of gene frequencies,
  • Manipulate population genetic concepts (selection, drift, Hardy-Weinberg and linkage equilibrium, effective population size, etc).

Modalités pédagogiques

  • hybride
  • en présence

Pré-requis

Pré-requis obligatoires

Prerequisites:
Basic molecular biology and formal genetics